IBM misjudged the real impact of desktop computing.
Disney saw 3D animation, turned the other way but in the end had to admit its mistake.
Encyclopedia Brittanica dramatically first missed the improved user experience brought by digitalization, then the responsiveness and accuracy of crowd computing.
The music industry failed to innovate its distribution model, and peer-to-peer file sharing and online music stores filled the gap. Same thing is happening for the movie industry.
Kodak couldn’t embrace the world of digital imaging and now faces bankruptcy. (They tried, but couldn’t really think outside their box.)
Is Canon ignoring the micro four thirds format and missing the next move forward?
Newspaper producers should stop producing paper. It’s and old means to an end (getting information), and it’s always outdated, not multi-media, not social, not interactive.